An early start of West Nile virus seasonal transmission: the added value of One Health surveillance in detecting early circulation and triggering timely response in Italy, June to July 2018.

Abstract In Italy, the 2018 West Nile virus transmission season started early with a high number of cases reported. One-Health surveillance, within the Italian West Nile national preparedness and response plan, detected viral circulation 9 days before symptom-onset of the first confirmed human case; triggering timely implementation of blood and transplant safety measures. This is […]

Multiple HBV transfusion transmissions from undetected occult infections: revising the minimal infectious dose

Hepatitis B remains a global major public health issue and a viral infection transmissible by transfusion. The risk of HBV transfusion transmitted infection has been reduced by the selection of donors; the continuous improvement of serological assays to detect the HBV surface antigen (HBsAg); the implementation of anti-HBc screening for antibodies against the HBV core […]

Epidemiological characteristics of human prion diseases

In the absence of specific therapies for human prion diseases, which are frequently associated with neurodegenerative disorders with fatal outcome, only an active surveillance can be used to monitor and prevent the transmission of such diseases. For this reason, starting from 1993, surveillance systems have been established in many countries. Moreover, there is urgent need […]

Parvovirus B19: What Is the Relevance in Transfusion Medicine?

Parvovirus B19 (B19V) has been discovered in 1975. The association with a disease was unclear in the first time after the discovery of B19V, but meanwhile, the usually droplet transmitted B19V is known as the infectious agent of the “fifth disease,” a rather harmless children’s illness. Due to the infection path via droplet transmission, many […]

Emerging therapies for hemophilia: controversies and unanswered questions

Several new therapies for hemophilia have emerged in recent years. These strategies range from extended half-life (EHL) factor replacement products and non-factor options with improved pharmacokinetic profiles to gene therapy aiming for phenotypic cure. While these products have the potential to change hemophilia care dramatically, several challenges and questions remain regarding broader applicability, long-term safety, […]